What is a Blobfish?

Blobfish are found in deep waters around Australia but can survive in shallow tanks.

With no muscles in its body, the blobfish looks like a gelatinous globule floating near the bottom of the sea. It sometimes appears to have a human-like face, with eyes, lips, and a disproportionately large nose. If taken out of the water, it dries up and loses its human appearance. Also known as Psychrolutes marcidus, the animal belongs to the Psychrolutidae, or cat, family.

Although puffer fish are not edible, they are still threatened by overfishing as they are often caught in large nets dragged along the ocean floor.

The blobfish can grow up to 12 inches (30.5 cm) in length. A deep-sea fish, it lives at depths of up to 2,700 feet (823 m) in the waters off the coasts of southeastern Australia and Tasmania, although there have been few sightings of this peculiar creature due to the extreme depth of its habitat. Although their exact lifespan is unknown, deep-sea fish generally tend to live longer than shallow-water fish, with some deep-sea species living for up to 130 years due to their slow rate of reproduction, growth, and aging.

Fishermen often catch blobfish accidentally while looking for other species.

Unlike most fish, blobfish do not have a gas bladder to maintain buoyancy. Its gelatinous body and low density allow it to hover in water, which has a higher density. It has no muscles, so it rarely moves and spends most of its time floating in the same area. This preserves energy in their deep-sea habitat, where little food is available. Scientists believe that fish do not hunt; instead, it opens its mouth and sucks in tiny organic particles that pass.

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The female lays thousands of eggs at once and stays close to them until they hatch, creating a nest. She usually floats above the eggs or sometimes leans on them. Many females tend to nest close to each other, a behavior whose cause is still unknown.

Although the blobfish is not edible and is not fished for food, it faces threats from overfishing. It shares its living habitat with edible bottom trawlers such as crabs and lobsters, causing it to be accidentally caught by fishermen. This problem is magnified because fishermen in the waters where they live practice deep trawling, a fishing method in which fishermen drop their nets to the seabed and drag them along the seabed, using heavy equipment before pulling the nets. . This animal is sometimes caught in these nets, along with other deep-sea creatures, and scientists fear it could be threatened with extinction if no action is taken to preserve the species.

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