A binary file is any file stored on a computer or related media. Each and every computer data is stored in binary form – that is, it consists of ones and zeros. Computer files that contain only textual information are simpler than other files, such as those that store images, for example. Therefore, a distinction is usually made between text files and all other file types, and the term “binary file” typically refers to the latter.
All computer data is stored in binary form, which consists of 1s and 0s.
Computer data is often divided into characters, each of which is called an information byte. The word “Hi” is split into two characters – “H” and “i” – which can be represented as numbers 72 and 105. These numbers are stored in a computer file in binary form as 01001000 and 01101001.
Text files can contain textual characters such as H, i, period, space, symbols, as well as information such as tab placement and start of a new line. Formatting information can be encoded in a text file, for example,