Natural disasters such as floods can increase poverty and crime rates.
The standard of living is a measure that takes into account the wealth of a segment of society, as well as that population’s access to basic services, amenities and consumable income. A low standard of living means that a segment of the population may not have much wealth or access to basic services and amenities. Factors that can contribute to a low standard of living include lack of adequate industry in a specific area, lack of jobs, insufficient health services, lack of public transport, lack of food or water, government oppression and many other factors.
Living standards and poverty thresholds vary substantially from region to region, as well as from country to country.
The life expectancy of a certain segment of society can also contribute to a low standard of living. People who have less access to quality food and clean homes, cities and countries often die earlier than people in more developed areas that offer good food and cleanliness. People in these poorer areas also tend to be less satisfied with their lives, which can contribute to increased morbidity. Crime rates can start to rise, further exacerbating the low standard of living in an area and potentially leading to an increase in death rates. The lack of public services, such as police and fire, can also perpetuate high crime rates.
Individuals who earn more tend to have a higher standard of living and therefore a higher cost of living.
This poverty and high crime rates can be caused by a number of factors, including government corruption, lack of funding for basic public services, occurrence of natural disasters such as droughts, floods and hurricanes, or isolation from other societies. Corrupt governments exist all over the world, and the general population of that country can suffer immensely. The distribution of wealth in a country can be skewed so that very few people have more money, while most people have to survive on very little. This can lead to unrest in society, anger against the government, and unrest that leads to even more conflict in an area.
Not having adequate housing contributes to a low standard of living.
War is perhaps the biggest contributing factor to a low standard of living. War-torn areas tend to suffer immensely during and after war, and it can take decades for a society to rebuild after battles. Mortality rates are likely to increase significantly during and after a war, and access to basic services such as healthcare is likely to be limited for long periods of time. Destruction of buildings, roads and other property is likely, and families could be displaced for months or years on end.