An HVAC technician can install, repair and maintain heating and air conditioning systems.
Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) service technicians are responsible for installing, troubleshooting, and repairing heating and cooling systems. The scope of experience of an HVAC service technician may be unique to residential central heating and air conditioning systems. Or the technician may work with highly specialized systems that are responsible for climate control in hospitals or other large institutions. In the United States, the Bureau of Labor Statistics rates this type of career as having an excellent prospect, with above-average future demand for skilled and experienced workers.
Service technicians install, repair and troubleshoot heating, ventilation and cooling systems.
Typically, an HVAC service technician learns the craft by attending a secondary or post-secondary technical school. Some commercial organizations or private employers offer an alternative to formal education by offering apprenticeship skills in the field. A thorough education is an advantage, as the job often requires project tracking and proper handling of natural gas, oil, electricity, and solid fuel. Many areas require technicians to meet licensing requirements, which may involve classes and an HVAC certification exam. These licenses can provide customers with peace of mind that the technician is following security protocols and meeting regulatory compliance standards for new installations.
An HVAC technician can repair or install domestic boiler systems.
Installation of heating, ventilation and air conditioning units requires proper placement of compressors, fans, thermostats and more. Often, an experienced HVAC service technician will be the person responsible for designing the duct layout of a new facility to ensure that the system performs at its best. Once the installation of a new central heating or air conditioning system is complete, the technician will typically test the system for leaks using specialized equipment that detects harmful vapors in the air.
HVAC technicians are expected to be qualified in air conditioning repairs.
After proper system installation and testing, routine maintenance is required to keep a heating and air conditioning system operating safely and efficiently. Most service technicians are responsible for routine maintenance of the systems they install. This often includes cleaning ducts, changing filters, and testing for leaks that need fixing.
Most companies require HVAC engineers to earn an undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering or a similar field.
HVAC service technicians who specialize in heating and air conditioning repair are in high demand, but can often work long hours in the heat and cold. HVAC technicians typically troubleshoot existing systems and replace damaged parts. The need for HVAC repair or replacement most commonly arises in the winter and summer months when these systems are being forced to provide indoor climate control.
Proper HVAC systems are important to maintaining good air quality.
Some heating, ventilation and air conditioning technicians can also handle sales. Occasionally, the cost of repairing an existing system is significant or repairs are not possible. The HVAC service technician must be able to communicate the problem to the customer and suggest solutions that are appropriate for their needs.