A diagram of younger and older skin showing the decrease in collagen in older skin. Various techniques can be used to help increase collagen production and make the skin smoother.
Wrinkles are fine creases in the skin that give it an uneven or wrinkled appearance. Most commonly found on the face and hands, wrinkles are caused by the loss of collagen and elasticity with age, weight loss, or skin damage. There are many treatments available that can reduce wrinkles in size and depth, from home remedies that use ingredients from kitchen cupboards to cosmetic procedures that can cost thousands of dollars but promise amazing results. Ultimately, deciding which method to use to reduce wrinkles depends on time, budget, and the importance of smooth skin to the individual.
Retinol face cream can help reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
Home remedies are among the most basic and natural methods to reduce wrinkles, but they are usually only useful for temporary or very small creases in the skin. Since skin smoothness depends on the proper amount of fat and moisture in the skin, some home care advocates suggest rubbing the affected area with coconut or olive oil every night. Others recommended a short facial massage and stretching session at least once a day to increase skin flexibility and relieve muscle tension caused by repetitive or habitual movements such as squinting.
Wellness salons offer an array of anti-aging treatments, including chemical peels and microdermabrasion techniques that remove dead skin layers.
For those looking for more advanced treatments, creams and gels specifically formulated to reduce wrinkles may be the next step. Most creams contain ingredients that stimulate cell reproduction, causing an increase in cell turnover. Retinol, an easily absorbed vitamin A solution, is often one of the main active ingredients in anti-wrinkle creams. In addition, highly acidic solutions such as alpha-hydroxy acids are also used to help remove dead skin cells and promote healthy new cells, which can lead to wrinkle reduction.
Smoking can cause a person to develop wrinkles around the mouth.
Various outpatient cosmetic procedures have become popular ways to reduce wrinkles. Some people may opt for Botox® injections, which provide a powerful muscle relaxant in the area around the wrinkles. These injections tend to work best on wrinkles caused by repeated or habitual facial movements, such as frown lines, forehead wrinkles, or crow’s feet. Unfortunately, too large a dose can cause temporary facial paralysis and loss of expression.
Botox injections work best on wrinkles caused by habitual facial movements, such as forehead wrinkles.
Another common cosmetic procedure to reduce wrinkles is the use of chemical peels. These masks are a solution of highly potent acids that work to smooth the skin, burning away the damaged top layers. Chemical peels are usually performed under medical supervision and can have serious side effects. At the very least, sensitivity to sunlight and skin redness are quite common, although more troublesome issues such as permanently brightened skin can occur.
A short facial massage can help reduce wrinkles.
The most drastic method to reduce wrinkles involves full facial surgery. In a facelift, the skin covering the face is surgically tightened to reduce wrinkles and give a more youthful appearance. While this has been the standard wrinkle removal surgery for decades, newer laser-based procedures are gaining in popularity. In laser resurfacing treatments, wrinkles are removed by carefully focused laser beams, allowing new, healthy skin to grow.
Preventive measures can go a long way toward stopping wrinkles before they need outside help. A sunscreen should always be used on the face, even in mild or cloudy weather. Care must be taken to ensure adequate hydration and nutrition in order to keep the skin properly nourished with vitamins and water. Also, smoking should be avoided at all costs, while an adequate amount of sleep will give your facial muscles a chance to relax and prevent wrinkles from forming. When taking care of skin in youth, how to reduce wrinkles may not become a serious concern in the future.