What are the side effects of IV antibiotics?

Rashes are a symptom of an allergic reaction if someone is taking antibiotics.

Intravenous (IV) administration of antibiotics is a quick and effective means of achieving therapeutic systemic levels of medication generally adequate to effectively fight an infection. Contained in small IV pouches known as piggybacks, IV antibiotics are administered through a set of secondary tubes connected to an IV fluid delivery line or directly into an indwelling IV catheter hub. Whether given to inpatients or – increasingly – to outpatient recovering home health patients, this form of antibiotics has a greater potential for side effects and complications, stemming from its rapid infusion, the types of antibiotics used, and the patient’s overall health. . Side effects can include nausea, rashes, itching, diarrhea, and yeast infections.

Nausea and diarrhea are two common side effects of antibiotics.

As a class of drugs, antibiotics in general have a relatively high incidence of side effects in the population. One of the most common is an allergic reaction, which can cause itching and hives or even a potentially lethal episode of anaphylactic shock, characterized by swelling of the patient’s airways and inability to breathe. Allergic reactions can occur the first time a patient takes a particular drug, or they can develop after multiple exposures or uneventful administrations. Rapid, systemic administration of IV antibiotics means that allergic side effects can occur very quickly and with serious consequences.

Intravenous antibiotics have a high potential for side effects.

Most of the side effects of antibiotics have to do with their effects on body systems unaffected by the targeted infection. Unfortunately, these drugs cannot differentiate between the “good” germs necessary for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal (GI) system and the “bad” germs that are causing the patient’s illness. As a result, common side effects of antibiotics given intravenously include gastrointestinal disturbances, diarrhea, yeast infections, and oral yeast infections known as thrush. Side effects also vary by antibiotic classification family, although some are unique to specific drugs. Antibiotics from the tetracycline family – including tetracycline, doxycycline and minocycline – are known to cause sunburn with minimal exposure to the sun.

See also  What is the difference between an enema and a suppository?

Some people develop an allergic reaction to intravenous antibiotics.

Intravenous antibiotics have a greater potential for complications than those given orally. The IV cannula site offers a greater chance of localized or systemic infection due to disruption of the skin barrier. Phlebitis or irritation of the vein used for IV administration may occur. Some antibiotics can also cause cellulitis if the drug leaks out and irritates the surrounding tissue.

Leave a Comment