Doxycycline is prescribed by a veterinarian.
There are many different uses of doxycycline for dogs, including treating conditions like Rocky Mountain spotted fever, chlamydia, and Lyme disease. Many bacterial infections can also be treated with the drug, so there may be other reasons why a veterinarian decides to prescribe doxycycline to a dog. It may also be prescribed for urinary tract infections. The drug is classified as a broad-spectrum antibiotic because it is able to kill many different types of bacteria.
A veterinarian may prescribe doxycycline to treat a dog with Rocky Mountain spotted fever, chlamydia, or Lyme disease.
Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic and works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins vital for their survival. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the use of doxycycline for dogs, but veterinarians prescribe it for dogs and cats regularly. The drug is also used in humans for things like preventing malaria. It comes in capsules or tablets containing 100 milligrams (mg) of the antibiotic.
Doxycycline is often used to treat bacterial infections in dogs.
Broad-spectrum antibiotics such as doxycycline can be used to treat many conditions. The most common diseases it is used to treat are chlamydia, Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. All of these conditions are bacterial infections that are sensitive to the drug’s protein-preventing effects. The drug dosage is usually between 2 and 5 mg per pound of the dog’s weight, given every 12 or every 24 hours. A prescription from a veterinarian with the amount needed to obtain doxycycline for dogs is required.
Young, pregnant or nursing dogs should not take doxycycline.
Common side effects of doxycycline include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, but unless they are particularly severe, they should not be a reason for your dog to stop taking the drug. Owners of dogs experiencing these symptoms should speak with the dog’s veterinarian to ensure the medication is not discontinued in the specific instance. More serious and less common side effects include dark-colored urine, jaundice, and loss of appetite. Any signs of an allergic reaction, such as the development of hives or swelling of the face, should be discussed with a professional and may result in discontinuation of the medication.
Many veterinarians prescribe doxycycline to dogs and cats on a regular basis.
Dogs currently taking antacids or bismuth subsalicylate may not be able to receive doxycycline. Other mineral and vitamin supplements can also cause negative drug interactions. Doxycycline for dogs should generally not be prescribed if the dog is taking any penicillin antibiotics. Pregnant, nursing or young dogs are generally not advised to take the drug.