What are the different types of sustainable architecture design?

Solar panels can be installed on roofs as part of a sustainable architectural design.

Sustainable architectural design uses types of design techniques to achieve greater sustainability in the use of energy, land and water, as well as in building materials. Sustainable energy design takes into account climate and natural geographic features in an effort to use these attributes to reduce impact on the environment. Energy conservation can be achieved to a greater degree in new construction as the options are many in the pre-construction phase.

For example, when planning to build a house on a lot, sustainable architectural design would take into account geographic features, such as the lot’s orientation in relation to the angle of sunlight throughout the day and seasons. This sunlight factor can be considered as a negative and positive potential in the overall energy use of the structure. If there is abundant sunlight from one direction, solar panels can be installed on the roof. At the same time, window coverings can be designed to respond to more or less light by manual or automatic means, with the aim of reducing the amount of heating or cooling that is required.

Another type of ecological architecture deals with the energy needed to maintain a certain level of comfort. Many possibilities for reducing energy consumption are available and include technology that regulates energy production, stores energy, produces energy and conserves energy by active or passive means. For example, for a home situated in a very windy location, a small wind turbine could provide a homeowner with cheap renewable energy generation.

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Choosing building materials is another type of sustainable architecture project. The choice of traditional building materials has emerged in various cultures over time, with people often using locally abundant materials to construct buildings. This included plants, stones and rocks, wood and animal hair, fur or fur.

In modern societies, building codes were developed in compliance with load-bearing specifications, zoning, and other methods used to make buildings safer and to limit development in certain areas. The challenge in sustainable architectural design is that these materials are not necessarily the most scientific choice, but because they are traditional and have been included in building codes, they are easier to use. Alternative building materials may incorporate natural fibers and materials, as well as blends of fibers and resins called composites.

An example of this type of architectural project would be the construction with straw bales. Straw bales are stacked and placed in spaces between the outer and inner walls. As agricultural practices around the world produce straw in abundance, the material is readily available and inexpensive, and offers significant reductions in energy costs for heating and cooling. Composites are lightweight but very strong, and can replace other manufactured materials that require more energy to produce and ship.

Landscaping in sustainable architecture design is another type of design technique. Choosing plants best suited to the local environment can reduce water use and, at the same time, preserve the topsoil. Replacing traditional lawn with sustainable plantings of grasses and native plants can also eliminate mowing.

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