What are the different types of outer covering?

Asphalt shingles are a type of external coating.

Exterior cladding is the outermost layer of building covering. The term covers all external surfaces, including walls, windows and doors, soffits and trim. The most common use of the term, however, generally refers to wallcovering. Many different types of exterior cladding are available, including siding, shingles, masonry, concrete and stucco.

Vinyl siding is a popular external flooring.

By far the most common type of flooring is siding. Many types of flooring are available and in common use, including vinyl, wood, and aluminum. Vinyl and aluminum siding comes in an almost infinite variety of colors. A wide range of textures, most of which are designed to mimic wood, are also available for vinyl and aluminum siding. While wood siding is still common in the 21st century, vinyl and aluminum have overtaken wood in popularity due to their durability and low cost.

Ceramic tiles are a type of external cladding.

Wood is used as an exterior cladding in ways other than traditional cladding. Tiles or wooden shakes can be cut into a wide variety of shapes and patterns. Cedar is a popular wood for this type of application because it resists rot and insect pests well. In its most basic form, wood as a cladding can be found in log cabins; in some cases, the logs form the structure of the wall as well as the exterior. Sometimes thin slices of rough logs are used as a cladding to create the illusion of building whole logs.

Stucco is a durable and attractive exterior coating.

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Masonry is another type of building exterior commonly used in residential and commercial construction; Bricks and cinder blocks are the most common materials of this type. Bricks vary greatly in shape, color, finish and size. Concrete blocks offer less potential variety than bricks, but many types are still available. Common cinder block is a standard material used in many industrial applications.

Glass bottles can be used to make a type of outer shell.

Poured concrete is sometimes used as an exterior cladding. Poured concrete is strong and often used in the construction of large buildings and secure structures such as prisons or military installations. This material can be poured on site or preformed into panels or blocks and then installed according to construction plans.

Stucco is a very popular type of coating made from Portland cement mixed with aggregate particles and spread over masonry or a wooden frame or metal lath. This material is durable, attractive, weather and pest resistant and is easily customized by changing the size of aggregate particles, using textured spatulas to spread or add pigments. Stucco is very hard but relatively light as it is usually applied in layers less than an inch thick.

The emphasis on green construction has led to the development of cladding panels made from materials such as old tires.

Other types of exterior cladding include slate, ceramic or terracotta tiles, asphalt shingles, adobe, or even unconventional building materials such as glass bottles. Recent emphasis on green construction has also led to the development of cladding panels made from materials such as recycled plastic or tires.

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