What are the different types of nanotechnology applications?

One use of nanotechnology is to create components for small computing devices such as smartphones.

Nanotechnology is the science and creation of materials at the molecular level. Nanotechnology applications are used in medicine, chemistry, environment, energy and communication companies. Whether through nanotechnology education or the application of nanotechnology, this science continues to evolve and find more uses in everyday life.

The use of nanotechnologies in medicine has provided many medical advances. Some of the applications of medical nanotechnology are for diagnostics. They are used to aid in DNA identification and in the detection of genetic sequences.

The use of molecular technology in chemistry has allowed car manufacturers to reduce emissions.

Other uses of nanotechnology in medicine are drug delivery and tissue engineering. Drug delivery can help with cancer treatment by delivering drugs through implants instead of traditional injections. Tissue engineering is a new nanotechnology and involves the repair or artificial reproduction of damaged tissue.

The use of molecular nanotechnology in chemistry and the environment has already resulted in positive benefits. Chemical catalysis is a process of reducing pollutants using a reagent or catalyst. This can be especially useful if used in vehicle fuel cells or catalytic converters to reduce car emissions.

Nanorobotics uses nanotechnology to develop microscopic robots that are much smaller in width than a human hair.

Filtration is another application of nanotechnology that can help the environment. Extremely small holes in the filtration, known as nanofiltration, remove ions for wastewater treatment or air purification. Slightly larger holes are used in a type of filtration called ultrafiltration and its current application is for kidney dialysis.

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Many municipal energy companies are also nanotechnology companies because they use nanotechnology in their energy applications. An example is the improvement in energy production through the use of solar cells. These solar cells currently only convert about 40% of the sun’s energy, but nanotechnology should be able to increase the amount of energy gained.

Filtration is an example of the application of nanotechnology currently used for the treatment of renal dialysis.

There are also studies investigating ways to increase battery life. These studies are using nanotechnology applications such as supercapacitors. The intention is to reduce the number of batteries that go to landfill and potentially contaminate groundwater and soil.

Communication has also benefited from the use of nanotechnology applications. Computer memory has been significantly increased and semiconductor speeds are much faster with further developments in nanotechnology. These improvements have led to advances in the speed at which information can be shared and the amount of data that can be analyzed.

Without the applications of nanotechnology, many of the laser sights used today would not be possible. The future of nanotechnology applications may also include further improvements in the speed at which data can be computed. This would give computers the ability to perform a large number of calculations simultaneously.

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