What are the different types of ivy? (with photos)

Ivy gives good ground cover.

There are only about a dozen different types of ivy that fall under the true genus name for ivy, Hedera. Many climbing plants are also called ivy, although they do not fall under the genus Hedera. The most common type of ivy is English ivy; other types are quite rare, such as Cyprus ivy. Generally, the various types of ivy are named after their countries of origin.

Poison ivy is not a true species of ivy.

While ivy types may look similar, there are subtle differences between them. For example, Algerian ivy has red stems, while Japanese ivy has purple stems. Also, Persian ivy has large, heart-shaped leaves, while the leaves of Cypriot ivy are much narrower.

Some types of ivy have flowers and fruits. For example, Himalayan ivy is known for its clusters of small yellow flowers and yellowish berries that eventually turn dark in color. It is an avid climber, which makes it difficult to keep the plant in place.

Coming in contact with poison ivy can cause a red, itchy rash at the contact site.

Many people are familiar with English ivy, also known as common ivy or by its species name, Hedera helix. There are many different variations for this plant. For example, the leaves can be dark green or they can be tinted white. Some variations are shrub-like, while others produce an abundance of dark fruit and small green flowers. This species grows so prolifically that it is considered a noxious weed in some parts of the United States.

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Itching can occur as a result of exposure to poison ivy.

To grow many types of ivy, only one cutting is needed. Once the roots take hold, the perennial vine needs very little water. If a person chooses to fertilize the plant, it should be done sparingly. While some ivy species are more susceptible to pests, fungi, and other problems, most are relatively hardy. The main problem gardeners face with ivy is excessive watering. In this case, leaf spot may develop.

Baking soda can be combined with water to relieve itchiness caused by exposure to poison ivy.

There are many plants that do not fall into the Hedera genus that are still called ivy. For example, poison ivy is not a true species of ivy. Also, the invasive vine, Boston ivy, is not a member of the genus Hedera. On a simplistic level, many people consider any perennial that can soar to great heights a member of the ivy family.

Generally, ivy grows well outside, especially in native soils. These plants can also be grown indoors. While ivy is well known for its ability to climb walls, trellises and other structures, it can also grow well in hanging baskets and large pots. Some types of ivy, such as Persian ivy, also form a thick ground cover.

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