A patient takes some risks in agreeing to undergo a hernia repair.
While it would be wonderful if there were many types of hernia repair options, surgery is currently the only option. There are some tethers and braces that a person can use before surgery, but these things are only meant to hold the hernia in place and help prevent it from getting worse. In fact, they do not repair the hernia.
There are two types of operations that are used for hernia repair. One type is called open surgery and is considered the most invasive. For this surgery, the doctor cleans the area around the hernia and then creates an incision near it. The bag containing the herniated tissue is then opened and the tissue is put back in place. The doctor then begins to sew the weakened tissue that allowed the hernia to form and may use synthetic mesh to reinforce the area before closing the incision.
During a laparoscopic hernia repair, a small camera in the abdomen allows the surgeon to see the hernia.
The other type of hernia is called laparoscopic surgery. For this type of surgery, two to five small incisions are made near the herniated tissue. Then, a small scope with a small camera attached, called a laparoscope, is inserted into the patient’s body through one of the small incisions. This allows the doctor to see the hernia. The instruments are then inserted through the other incisions, and the doctor completes the rest of the hernia repair similar to the open surgical technique.
Open hernia repair surgery is invasive and involves an incision near the hernia site.
Regardless of the type of hernia repair used, some type of anesthesia is required to prevent the patient from experiencing pain during the procedure. One type of anesthesia is called general anesthesia; involves the use of an anesthetic to render the patient unconscious during surgery. Local anesthesia is an option that numbs the area around the hernia. Sometimes epidurals and lumbar punctures are also used, both of which prevent the patient from experiencing pain in a larger part of their body. The preferred anesthesia for hernia repair surgery can be chosen on a case-by-case basis, depending on the patient’s health status and preferences and the judgment of their physician.
Correction of a hernia requires the patient to be under anesthesia.
As with all operations, the patient takes some risks in agreeing to undergo hernia repair; Complications may arise during or after surgery. For example, blood clots can develop in the lungs, or a person can develop an infection in their incision. Some people may also have unpleasant or even harmful reactions to anesthesia. Also, a hernia can be strangled, which is a dangerous medical situation. For this reason, many doctors recommend hernia repair, even when the patient does not experience any unpleasant symptoms.