What are the different types of heavy construction equipment?

Heavy construction equipment includes excavators.

There are many different types of heavy construction equipment, so the list of all the different types would be quite extensive. Some of the most common parts found on a construction site, however, include cranes, backhoe loaders, forklifts or telehandlers, excavators, cranes, and tractors. These pieces of heavy construction equipment are often designed to move large amounts of earth or other materials. Cranes and telehandlers are generally used to transport heavy materials used in the construction of buildings or other structures, although cranes can also be used for certain types of demolition procedures.

A loader crane is used to load materials in and out of a truck.

An excavator is a piece of heavy construction equipment, perhaps used on construction sites more than any other piece of equipment. In general, it is also one of the best known because of its long, hydraulic arm with a shovel attached to the end. The excavator is usually supported on a pair of tracks and the machine body can rotate 360 ​​degrees on its base. The size of this piece of equipment can vary significantly depending on its purpose; Small project excavators may only feature a short boom arm and small shovel, while larger excavators such as dredgers may be large enough to be attached to a ship or barge.

Bulldozers are large earth movers that feature a wide front mounted shovel.

Bulldozers are large earth movers that feature a large shovel mounted on the front of the vehicle. This piece of heavy construction equipment is usually mounted on a pair of tracks that increase traction, but the base doesn’t rotate like an excavator. The excavator is effective for pushing large amounts of earth material over a space, as well as breaking other materials such as stone or even trees. Like an excavator, the excavator will likely have a large diesel engine to drive it forward.

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Crane trucks are used to transport heavy materials.

The excavators are capable of lifting materials onto the dump trucks, which are large trucks that feature a semi-enclosed bed with an open lid. The dump truck is capable of lifting the bucket using a hydraulic arm, allowing the contents to be dumped behind the truck. An excavator or various pieces of heavy construction equipment can load the truck to its capacity, and the truck can then transport these materials off-site or to another location within the job site. The hydraulic arm can then be actuated to lift one end of the bed, thereby tilting the contents until they fall off the back of the bed.

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