Forensic technicians are well served by a scientific background.
While all forensic technician jobs tend to focus on uncovering the truth behind an alleged criminal event, the jobs these forensic technicians do can be very specialized and can vary widely. While jobs can be classified in many different ways, forensic technician jobs primarily deal with chemistry, biology, fingerprinting, or computers. In some cases, technicians may be cross-trained to do more than one job if needed. Those who have aptitude in one of these areas can do very well in this career area. The key is to pay attention to details.
A forensic science technician evaluates crime scene evidence.
Those who have experience or have studied chemistry usually have a good chance of getting forensic technician jobs. These individuals may test materials for the presence of substances such as blood or other bodily fluids. It is very important to know how these fluids react to certain chemicals and how this can contaminate or destroy evidence. For example, forensic technicians may have to determine the fabric type of a particular garment and choose a test chemical that will not harm the fabric or alter the test results.
Computer technicians are now being employed as forensic technicians.
Forensic technician jobs can also include a great deal of biology. The technician may be responsible not only for identifying a body fluid, body tissue, or other important identifiers, but also for determining who they belong to. This can help identify the suspect and victim, if the identity of either is in question.
In addition to these jobs, some forensic technicians may specialize specifically in fingerprinting. In such cases, a technician can obtain a set of fingerprints coming directly from a suspect or the crime scene and attempt to match them. Doing this requires learning about the bumps that make up fingerprints, and it also requires a lot of attention to detail, even though most matching is now done by computer. Technicians in these roles may work for a local or state law enforcement agency, or a national agency.
Some forensic technicians specialize specifically in fingerprints.
A relatively new class of forensic technician jobs involves computers. Whether it’s financial crimes or a variety of other potential crimes, computers can contain a wealth of information that can be vital to an investigation. If a suspect tries to get rid of the evidence, a computer forensic technician may be able to recover at least some of that information. In such cases, computer technicians can work hours trying to restore and recover data that would otherwise be lost.