What are the different types of dietary supplements?

Various types of food supplements.

Some types of dietary supplements include antioxidants, vitamins, fats, minerals, and proteins. Recommended types may vary depending on what a person’s diet may be lacking. Supplements are also sometimes added to a person’s diet because of certain activities they participate in. For example, athletes often require more carbohydrates in their diet because carbohydrates can increase energy.

Although vitamin D is naturally produced when the skin is exposed to sunlight, it is also found in milk and dietary supplements.

In Western cultures, diets are usually high in carbohydrates. Compounds of hydrogen, carbon and oxygen are generally elements of carbohydrates. In the body, chemical processes turn carbohydrates into glucose. If the body does not maintain healthy glucose levels, diabetes can occur.

Those who want to avoid colds and flu viruses often seek out different types of dietary supplements such as antioxidants. Antioxidants are usually made up of plant extracts. These extracts enter the bloodstream and, as they circulate, scavenge free radicals. Free radicals are unstable compounds that, in an effort to become stable, try to steal electrons from other molecules. As a result, free radicals can cause disease and damage to cells.

Athletes often use protein and carbohydrate supplements.

Vitamins are typically among the most common types of dietary supplements. Vitamin depletion in the soil used to grow fruits and vegetables and excessive food processing have contributed to a variety of vitamin deficiencies that many people experience. Vitamin D is an exception – not only is it found in milk, but it is also produced by the body when exposed to sunlight. Vitamins are also essential to a person’s diet in order to maintain bodily functions.

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The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) maintains minimal oversight of the dietary supplement industry.

Good fats, also known as fatty acids, are something that many people don’t get enough of when it comes to the different types of dietary supplements needed. These fats are found in animal products, nuts, seeds, and some plants. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eichosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are two examples of beneficial fatty acids. Specifically, DHA and EPA are very important for nerve and brain functions.

Most people get less than 30% of their required calcium intake from milk and other dietary sources.

Minerals are often considered one of the most important of the different types of dietary supplements. They are mainly composed of metals and inorganic compounds. Healthy bones and teeth are usually attributed to a healthy amount of minerals in the diet.

Proteins are used to build muscle and tissue. Healthy hair and nails are two physical indicators that a person may be getting enough protein in their diet. In addition to finding different types of food supplements that contain protein as an ingredient, people can also find protein in foods like meat, fish, eggs, dairy, seeds, nuts, and legumes.

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