Hemlock is a type of conifer.
Conifers are types of trees in the Coniferales family, a group of species that feature cones. They are typically evergreen trees, keeping their needles green throughout the year, but some varieties lose their needles cyclically. There are several types of conifers, including cedar, spruce, cypress, hemlock, larch, pine and spruce.
The most common types of cedar are Atlantic White, Northern White, Port-Orford and Alaska. Each tree features very thin green leaves with scale-like details. Most are found in moderately humid areas, such as stream banks, swamps, or swampy areas, and flourish in partially shaded locations. Cedar bark typically has a scaly appearance and is dark brown in color.
Fir conifers include Balsam, Douglas, Fraser, Grand and California Red. These trees have distinctive cone shapes and wider foliage than cedars, with dense needles. They are often found in mountainous regions or rocky areas.
The baldcypress is a type of conifer that sheds its needles once a year. Its bald appearance in the winter months is the main reason for its distinguished name. This tree is tall with a distinctive reddish-brown bark.
Hemlock conifers are divided into eastern and western varieties. The eastern hemlock is located along the forested regions of the northeastern United States and features numerous small cones. Western hemlocks are found in California and Oregon and are characterized by wider and fewer cones. Larchs are also divided in the same way, they have very fine and long needles and they lose their foliage in autumn. Spruces, including the Red, Black, and Colorado Blue subtypes, are very similar to hemlocks in appearance and are able to tolerate cooler conditions than other conifers.
There are several types of pine conifers, including the popular Ponderosa, Longleaf and Loblolly varieties. Pines have long, extremely fine needles nested in clusters. The needles look like clusters of thin fingers and tend to all branch in the same direction. Unlike many other types of conifers, pines prefer well-drained soil and grow well in rocky locations.
The coniferous tree is useful to human populations for its wood and is one of the most forested trees in the world. It produces wood quickly relative to other tree species and is readily available in regions all over the world. The conifer family is also known for its ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions and to survive competition from many other species.