Natural carpet backing is typically made from jute fiber.
There are many brands of carpet backing, but they usually come in one of three types: natural fiber, recycled, and polyurethane. Carpet fibers are sewn onto a primary lining, then a secondary lining is fused to the fibers and the primary lining with latex. This helps provide a structurally sound carpet that will generally withstand many years of use. Natural fiber linings often use jute fiber and recycled linings are usually made from recycled carpet lining. Polyurethane is a resin applied when the carpet is in the finishing phase, which helps protect against moisture.
Woven from plant fibers, jute is a traditional upholstery web, often used for carpet lining.
Jute is the most common type of natural fiber used in carpet backing. Made from plant fibers, the jute fabric is very soft, strong and durable. Many people prefer jute because it is a natural material and is very strong and durable, creating a superior carpet lining. In some areas, jute is used less often in favor of materials like polyurethane or recycled materials. Jute comes from plants grown in certain locations, so it may not be readily available in all areas.
Some carpet manufacturers use post-consumer content to manufacture their carpet backing. The old support can be mixed with various minerals, creating a substance that can be used as a filler in the manufacture of a new support. Many people see this type of support as an environmentally friendly choice. Other environmentally friendly options were researched to further improve the carpet upholstery manufacturing process, such as replacing natural materials with synthetic materials.
Polyurethane has become increasingly popular as a carpet covering material. This material is applied towards the end of the manufacturing cycle and turns into a rubbery substance on the back of the carpet. Many people believe that this is a superior base material because it protects against moisture and helps keep carpet tufts from coming loose. Polyurethane may not be the greenest choice.
In addition to these main types of carpet backing, many companies have continued to research new ways to use the materials to make the best product possible. An increasing number of manufacturers are trying to invent ways to use more reclaimed carpet materials to create new ones. Soy polyols are used by some manufacturers as a substitute for some of the petroleum used in creating the polyurethane backing. An ideal stand would be cheap for a company to produce, as well as durable and cost-effective for the consumer.