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Aquaculture, or the controlled cultivation of aquatic species for human use, is a rapidly growing field with multiple opportunities for the aspiring student. The different types of aquaculture training often include courses of study in a variety of disciplines within the industry, including aquaculture technician, fish biologist, aquaculture engineer, fish farm or hatchery manager, fish harvester, and fish and fruit processor. sea. While some positions, such as a fish biologist or aquaculture engineer, may require a college degree, there are many other positions available in this field that offer on-the-job training or, at most, would require a brief course in aquaculture fundamentals. These aquaculture training courses are available at many universities, community colleges and independent training facilities around the world.
Generally understood to mean the rearing of fish, shrimp, shellfish, seaweed and other aquatic foods for direct human consumption, aquaculture techniques are also used to replenish wild fish populations, stock sport fishing facilities, supply aquarium markets with exotic breeds and even grow pharmaceuticals. Many aquaculture training programs include a mix of hands-on classes and hands-on classes. The classroom part of the program usually covers the fundamentals of fish and crustacean biology, management of aquatic ecosystems, and the food and nutritional needs of different species.
Other training topics may include disease control and safety issues, as well as the mechanics of modern aquaculture practices. Agricultural aquaculture training can include classes in facility design, maintenance and troubleshooting, as well as the practical aspects of record keeping and operational planning. Other training areas relevant to the aquaculture field may include business management, marketing, supply forecasting and computer skills as well.
In the practical application portion of the course, students will apply what they have learned in the classroom to a real-life aquaculture facility in operation. Fish farms, fish and crustacean farms or university aquaculture research centers are common facilities that offer this type of hands-on aquaculture training. Students will learn the physical side of the industry, with training in the daily aspects of managing a modern aquatic farm. Tasks can include fish handling and harvesting techniques, feeding needs, cleaning and filtration, disease prevention, use of farm equipment, care and repairs, and safety issues.
Some aquaculture training programs include fieldwork in marine environments such as the Florida Keys in the United States. Students seeking this type of training should usually apply for a research internship at a university with a strong aquaculture program. Many schools also offer summer camps that can expose young students to the discipline and give them hands-on experience in the field to help guide future training plans.