What are the different species of ticks?

A brown dog tick.

The different species of ticks include ticks that are usually identified by their coloring, as well as sometimes by distinctive markings on their bodies. Ticks can also be named after the animals they frequently feed on; an example is the deer tick. Several other tick species include the black tick and the brown dog tick. Tick ​​identification is an important factor in determining the best methods to remove ticks that feed on animals and humans. Knowledge of the different tick species can also help medical professionals decide whether a tick host is at risk of contracting a disease that some ticks carry.

Deer ticks normally live on adult deer because of their ample blood supply.

Brown ticks are one of the most common species of ticks often found in kennels and other areas of homes that are warm and dark, such as under rugs and cracks in walls. This tick feeds mainly on dogs and is rarely found on humans; more often than not, it attaches itself to the creases of a dog’s ears or the crevices between its toes. Brown dog ticks have naturally migrated over time to a wide variety of geographic regions and climates, although they are native to tropical regions and often do not survive cold winters.

When ticks bite, they can spread neurotoxins to humans.

Black ticks can sometimes pose greater risks to humans and animals as this species of tick is often known to transmit Lyme disease, a bacterial infection that can lead to serious complications if left untreated. These types of ticks are able to obtain their nutrition from both warm and cold-blooded animals; they are also able to wait in the same outdoor location for long periods of time before a host arrives. After a black tick has fed uninterruptedly on a host for several hours, it can become engorged to the point where its abdominal sac turns white due to stretching and creates the appearance of a white tick.

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Depending on sex and type, ticks can expand to different sizes — as big as a grape or as small as an apple seed — when they feed on blood.

Other common types of ticks include the lone star tick and the rocky mountain tick; these two types are generally prevalent in certain mountainous areas of the eastern and southeastern United States. The lone star tick gets its name from a star-shaped pattern on its protective outer shell. Although this species of tick does not usually carry Lyme disease, a bite from one of them can still cause noticeable rashes in some individuals. The Rocky Mountain tick is similar in appearance to the brown dog tick and is a known carrier of another type of infection called Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

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