What are some different careers in veterinary medicine?

Hamsters can be cared for by veterinarians who specialize in very small animals.

There are a number of careers in veterinary medicine open to people with specific interests, ranging from conservation medicine, which focuses on the link between human, animal and environmental health, to working as a large animal veterinarian, traveling from farm to farm to offer farm animal care. In all cases, these careers require a lot of training, including four years of undergraduate work followed by veterinary school training, and many vets seek internships for additional training before going off on their own.

Some veterinarians specialize in surgery.

At one time, veterinary medicine careers were simply divided between the practice of large and small animals. Large animal vets dealt with animals like horses, cows and sheep, while small animal vets dealt with pets like dogs and cats. While generic small and large animal practices continue to exist today, often with very talented veterinarians at the helm, careers in this field are much more diverse now.

Some veterinarians choose to specialize in the care of horses.

For example, a veterinarian may choose to focus on a specific species or group of animals. Avian veterinarians treat birds, while equine veterinarians focus on horses. Others may choose to work with pets like hamsters and mice, and other animals to focus on include cats, dogs, sheep and cattle, all of which have unique veterinary needs. Careers in veterinary medicine don’t have to focus on pets either; Exotic animal vets care for animals in zoos, while wildlife vets focus on injured wild animals.

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A veterinarian can treat domestic animals such as pigs.

A veterinarian may also choose to focus on a specific medical specialty, much like human medicine. Veterinarians can choose to pursue careers in pathology, reproductive health, oncology, orthopedics, surgery, physical therapy, radiology, and so on. Some specialist veterinarians make a lot of money, especially in fields like horse racing, where a talented veterinarian can be in high demand.

Some vets only treat dogs and cats.

Many veterinarians enter private practice, but they may also work for the government in monitoring food safety, conducting inspections, and monitoring emerging health threats. Other careers include working for pharmaceutical companies to develop new medical treatments for animals and working in the holistic field offering alternative and complementary medicine for animals.

Animal technicians can administer and supervise anesthesia while veterinarians perform surgery.

The incredible diversity of careers in veterinary medicine recognizes a drastic change in the veterinary field that took place in the second half of the 20th century. Veterinarians today are as diverse as doctors, with the same powerful diagnostic and healing tools at their disposal. Procedures performed in high-tech veterinary hospitals now rival those performed in human hospitals, thanks to a growing respect for the value of animal life.

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