Heredity is a common cause of large freckles.
Large freckles are typically caused by sun exposure, heredity, and sometimes hormonal fluctuations. The biggest culprit, though, is the sun. When certain skin cells are damaged by the effects of the sun, the result is freckles. Tanning can exacerbate existing freckles and even cause large, very visible freckles. Also, people with fair skin are more likely to get large freckles than people with darker skin.
Tanning can exacerbate existing freckles and even cause very large freckles.
Freckles sometimes disappear in the winter, only to come back during the summer, and they also tend to fade over time. Freckles can be found anywhere on the body, and large freckles are usually most common on the shoulders and back. Freckles are not usually found on babies and are usually more noticed on people who have not yet reached puberty. Sunspots, also known as liver spots, are a type of freckle that doesn’t go away in winter but is present all year round. They are also more prevalent in the elderly population.
Laser surgery can be an effective means of lightening freckles.
Some people find freckles attractive, while others sometimes look for ways to hide them. Freckles can be covered with makeup or concealer, however, hiding large freckles can be more of a challenge. Applying lemon juice to the freckled area can help fade the freckles, but results may take time. Fading creams or whitening creams are also effective in lightening freckles. These preparations are available over-the-counter, however, a dermatologist should be consulted before using a fading cream to determine its safety.
Wearing a sun hat outdoors can help discourage freckles from forming.
Topical retinoids can be used to fade large freckles, however results are typically not seen for at least six months. Retinoids are available by prescription and can also produce side effects such as skin irritation, redness, and flaking. Staying out of the sun can prevent future freckles from appearing, however the hormonal changes of pregnancy and menopause can encourage them. Other ways to discourage freckles from forming are using sunscreen, keeping your arms and legs covered outdoors, and wearing a sun hat.
Light-skinned people who are sunbathers are at a higher risk of developing large freckles.
When new large freckles are noticed, or if they start to change color or shape, or start to bleed, a dermatologist should be consulted as soon as possible. These symptoms could be signs of skin cancer and need to be evaluated. Most skin cancers, if detected and treated early, are curable; however, medical evaluation is required. Laser surgery can also be an effective means of lightening freckles; however, elective cosmetic procedures are generally not covered by most medical insurance policies.