Coffee can make GERD worse.
The connection between omeprazole and diarrhea involves two components. The main ingredient in proton pump inhibitor is magnesium, a mineral used as a laxative and to cleanse the intestines before certain diagnostic tests and surgeries. Omeprazole and diarrhea are also related because the drug blocks the production of stomach acid and can also inhibit defense mechanisms against Clostridium difficile bacteria, the third leading cause of diarrhea in older individuals.
Alcohol can make GERD worse.
An increased risk of infectious diarrhea represents a side effect of omeprazole, which can be acute or chronic. A known relationship between omeprazole and diarrhea resulted from research studies that examined the drug’s side effects. One study found that when gastric acid decreases, it provides a rich environment for bacteria to grow in the digestive tract. A conflicting study found no connection between omeprazole and diarrhea.
Chocolate can make GERD worse.
The drug is prescribed to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and certain types of ulcers. It aids in healing peptic and gastric ulcers by blocking gastric acid, usually providing relief within a 12 week period. Some patients use maintenance doses of medication to prevent symptoms from recurring.
GERD occurs when stomach acid enters the esophagus, usually after a meal. Generally, the situation worsens when patients lie in bed. Certain substances, such as chocolate, coffee, and alcohol, can make GERD worse, along with smoking. Some patients find pain relief by raising the head of the bed to prevent regurgitation of gastric acid. Omeprazole was approved for use in GERD in 1988.
Smoking can make GERD worse.
Gastric ulcers can cause pain after eating. The pain may start in the stomach and spread to the back or chest, simulating signs of a heart attack. On the other hand, duodenal ulcer pain may subside when certain foods are eaten, but it rarely occurs on an empty stomach. Discomfort usually starts two to three hours after a meal, usually worse at night.
Other side effects of omeprazole include a reduction in the ability to absorb vitamin B12 and calcium. This can increase the risk of bone fracture in postmenopausal women. Vitamin and mineral levels can be monitored while taking the medication, with supplements added to address deficiencies.
Omeprazole is commonly prescribed for the treatment of peptic ulcers.
One study showed an increased risk of developing stomach or esophageal cancer in patients suffering from hiatal hernia or Barrett’s esophagus. The risk does not apply to patients using the drug for indigestion, gastritis or peptic ulcers, however. The researchers noted that the seven-year study may have been too short to provide reliable results because cancer often takes years to develop.