Metronidazole is not designed to treat UTI, but is sometimes prescribed for nongonococcal urethritis.
Metronidazole is a prescription antibiotic used to treat infections caused by anaerobic bacteria and certain parasites. Although metronidazole was not designed to fight urinary tract infections, it is sometimes prescribed to treat cases of recurrent and persistent nongonococcal urethritis. When used as directed, metronidazole can kill urethritis-causing bacteria within seven days. Before using metronidazole for urinary tract infection, patients should discuss dosage and possible side effects with their doctor.
It is important to report any side effects of metronidazole, especially serious ones such as fever.
There are several common uses for metronidazole. This medication is commonly used to treat infections of the vagina, skin, stomach, heart, blood, joints and bones. Doctors often prescribe metronidazole for urinary tract infection when patients suffer from a particularly resistant case of nongonococcal urethritis.
Urethritis is a urinary tract infection that only affects the urethra. In uncomplicated cases of urethritis, certain antibiotics are often used to fight the infection. If these medications are ineffective or if the infection keeps coming back, the doctor may decide to use metronidazole for a urinary tract infection. Metronidazole is not used to treat urinary tract infections that have reached the kidneys or bladder.
Patients recovering from a urinary tract infection should drink plenty of water.
Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or diplococcal bacteria do not respond to metronidazole. The drug is also ineffective in treating gonococcal urethritis. If a patient believes they may be suffering from a gonorrhoeal infection, this problem must be eliminated before treating the urethritis.
Metronidazole is most effective when combined with erythromycin or erythromycin ethyl succinate. These medications should be used for seven days to treat recurrent urethritis. After completing seven days of treatment, the patient’s symptoms should be eliminated. It is important that patients follow all metronidazole dosing instructions as provided by their physicians. Missing doses or not following the prescription will negatively affect the effectiveness of the drug.
The presence of urinary tract infection can cause fever in babies.
Before taking metronidazole, patients should tell their doctor about any medications or herbal supplements they are taking. Certain medications, such as cimetidine and phenytoin, can affect the effectiveness and safety of metronidazole. Pregnant women and those who are breastfeeding should also avoid this medication.
Patients should also be aware of certain metronidazole side effects. Metronidazole can cause stomach upset, cold symptoms, dizziness, dry mouth, vaginal itching, and swelling of the tongue. More serious side effects include fever, hives, seizures, painful urination, mood swings, vision problems, and swelling of the face, throat, or tongue. If a patient experiences these side effects, they should seek immediate medical attention. When used as directed, metronidazole is generally very effective in treating persistent non-gonococcal urinary tract infections.