How do I treat a split toenail?

Treat severe nail cuts with antibacterial cream to prevent infections.

The way to treat a broken nail can vary from simple home remedies to professional care, depending on the severity of the nail. Usually, a combination of time and care is all you need. If your toe is bleeding, bruised, inflamed, or extremely painful, you should see a doctor. The quality and speed with which nail injuries can be healed largely depends on finding the root cause and preventing further damage.

Underlying Causes

Trim your toenails regularly to help prevent cracking.

Try to identify the cause of the cracked nail before deciding on a treatment method. Moving forward without determining the underlying problem can delay healing and make the injury worse. For example, moisturizing a nail that has split from a fungal infection will only exacerbate the problem.

Physical injuries, such as those caused by bumping your toe on the door or dropping something heavy on it, are among the most common causes of nail damage. Things like dancing, running or even going for walks can also increase your risk of a cracked nail, as can frequent exposure to water and extremely dry conditions. Various medical conditions are also associated with these nail problems such as hypothyroidism, various skin conditions, poor circulation, eating disorders and malnutrition. Using too much strong nail polish remover or exposing your hands to harsh chemicals and soaps can also make your nails brittle.

Minor Damage Treatment

Seal moderate nail cracks with clear nail polish to facilitate quick healing.

Smaller, horizontal and vertical divisions remove small splinters from the nail and do not involve the skin underneath. You can usually just cut or file the entire affected area. If you often get small chips or cracks, consider taking a nail-strengthening supplement or seeing a doctor to rule out a fungal infection or other health issue.

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Moderate damage treatment

Super glue can be used to bond a broken nail, but it can cause skin irritation.

Moderate nail cracks are deeper and longer than smaller ones and require more care. The main focus here is to keep the nail together until it grows big enough that you can cut the split part. You can do this by painting over the split with superglue or nail polish. Another method is to paint your nails with clear nail polish and then place a small piece of an empty tea bag or coffee filter over the area before the nail polish dries. After it dries, it will hold the paper in place, which holds the nail together.

Exposing nails to nail polish remover regularly can weaken them, causing them to crack.

You can also consult a pedicure to help with moderate damage. Depending on the severity of the crack, he may fill in with glue and paint or apply false nails. While the split is healing, you may need to renew your pedicure every one to two weeks, although this depends on how quickly your toenails grow.

Serious damage treatment

It may be advisable to file the impacted area with a nail file.

Severe nail cracks are usually caused by blunt trauma to the toe. They are much longer, deeper, and painful than moderate ones and are often accompanied by skin injuries, bruising, bleeding, infection, and even broken bones. To treat a severely cracked nail, clean the area with an antiseptic solution or antibacterial cream, then apply a bandage to lessen the risk of infection. If the nail completely detaches from its bed, the only thing you can do is clean the area and protect it with a bandage until a new one grows back. You may need to see a doctor for antibiotics if your toe becomes inflamed, swollen, or pus dries up.

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Prevention

After treating the broken nail, you should take some steps to prevent future problems. An important preventive measure is proper hygiene. Keep your nails trimmed reasonably short to avoid getting them caught in socks and stockings, and keep your feet and toes clean to avoid fungal infections. You should also moisturize your toenails if you are often in very dry environments, and wear appropriate footwear when participating in physical activities. If your nail is in the process of healing, avoid doing things that could injure it again, like playing sports or wearing tight shoes.

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